Archive for the ‘sculpture’ Category

Site Specific
May 26, 2008

Site Specific

Looking through books and websites on Site-Specific art, I’ve realised there is no exact definition for the movement, there just seems to be various ideas about it.

Pioneered in the late-1950s to the mid-1960s, Site Specific art was the result of many of the movements from that era. Site Specific art has many influences; Conceptualism, Minimalism, De Stijl, Cubism, Arte Povera – to name a few. When it was pioneered it started off as a de-contextualisation of the museum space.

Site-specific art is

created to exist in a certain place, it has an interrelationship with the location. If removed from the location it would lose all or a substantial part of its meaning. I agree with this definition of the movement.

Typically, the artist takes the location into account while planning and creating the artwork. Outdoor site-specific artworks often include

landscaping combined with permanently sited sculptural elements. Outdoor site-specific artworks also include dance performances created especially for the site; the choreographer uses the site as inspiration for costumes and movement repertoire. Some artists make a point of commissioning music created by a local composer especially for the dance site. Indoor site-specific artworks may be created in conjunction with (or indeed by) the architects
of the building.

Site-specific art is often associated with other movements such as Environmental Art, Land Art or Environmental Sculpture. Site-specific is often used of

installation works, as in site-specific installation, and Land art
is site-specific almost by definition.

More broadly, the term is sometimes used for any work that is (more or less) permanently attached to a particular location. In this sense, a building with interesting

architecture could be considered a piece of site-specific art. 



“the land is not the setting for the work but a part of the work”


Walter De Maria


I completely agree with this quote by artist Walter De Maria, I believe that if you were creating a piece of work for a specific area or place, that place would be a part of the work.




“I am for an art…that does something other than sit on its ass in a museum.”

Claes Oldenburg


Artists producing site-specific works include;





Robert Smithson











































Also younger artists like;















Leonard van Munster











Antony Gormley
March 8, 2008

Antony Gormley is a sculptor born in London in 1950. Antony Gormley’s work has been exhibited extensively, with solo shows throughout the UK in venues such as the Whitechapel, Tate and Hayward Galleries, as well as international museums. He also was awarded the Turner Prize in 1994.

Over the last 25 years Antony Gormley has revitalised the human image in sculpture through a radical investigation of the body as a place of memory and transformation, using his own body as subject, tool and material. Since 1990 he has expanded his concern with the human condition to explore the collective body and the relationship between self and other in large-scale installations like ‘Allotment‘, ‘Critical Mass’ and ‘Another Place‘. His work attempts to treat the body not as a thing but a place and in making works that enclose the space of a particular body to identify a condition common to all human beings. The work is not symbolic but indexical – a trace of a real event of a real body in time.

  ‘Field’ (1991)

This piece consists of approximately 35, 000 individual terracotta figures, between 8cm and 26cm high. installed on the floor of a room facing the viewer. The figures were sculpted in Cholula Mexico by about 60 members of a Texca family of brickmakers, under the supervision of the artist. The sculpture received a lot of media attention upon its first display, and many affectionate parodies. Field has been installed and displayed at various locations. The specific configuration is changed to suit each location, but the miniature figures are always placed to form a dense carpet with each figure looking towards the viewer.

Close up

This piece is intense, there is so many little figures. It is an impressive sculpture leaves a lasting memory on you of all these little figures staring up at you. I like the way the figures are situated in hallways to give this feeling of an endless amount of them. He has used very simple materials to create these pieces, clay. This feeling of being quite in touch with the earth.


‘Another Place’

The sculpture consists of approx 100 cast iron figures which ace out to see and stretch along the beach or stretch out into the sea. Each figure is arounf 189cm tall. The figures and revealed and submerged as the tide ebs and flows. I think this piece of work is beautiful, but from this picture there is also something quite eerie about it, a ghostly feeling. It is almost as if they’re going to drown walking into the see.

Andy Goldsworthy
March 8, 2008

Andy Goldsworthy is a British born sculptor, photographer and environmentalist who produces site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings. His work involves using natural and found objects to create both temporary and permanent sculptures which bring out their environment.

‘Snow Circles’

Goldsworthy uses a range of materials in his sculptures; brightly-coloured flowers, icicles, leaves, mud, pinecones, snow, stone, twigs, and thorns. He uses raw materials, just as he finds them, he lets nature give ideas on what to make. He is also considered the founding member of the modern rock balancing. For his brief works Goldsworthy often uses only his bare hands, teeth, and found tools to prepare and arrange the materials, however his permanent pieces like ‘Roof’, ‘Stone River’ and ‘Three Cairns’, he has employed the use of machine tools. Photos also play a big part in his work, because his work is often in a ephemeral state he photographs them at their peak point, marking the moment when the work is most alive. 

   ‘Ice Spiral ; Tree Soul’

I find the piece above to be beautiful. It is very delicate and simple despite the complex of making the ice spiral. It is almost as if it is protecting the tree despite it’s ice and can will melt or can be easily broken. Instead of randomly placed objects he gives them composition in a circle or a line or some form of shape.His goal is to understand nature by directly participating in nature as intimately as he can. His work shows that we as humans have some ability of controlling nature, but eventually, in the end, nature controls us.

  ‘Broken  Pebbles’

The reason I thought of looking at Andy Goldsworthys’ work was for my protection project, I wanted to make an organic shape out of tags with family members names on it. His work helped me think of ideas for making organic shapes.  

Douglas Huebler
February 26, 2008

Douglas Huebler was an American Minimal Sculptor and pioneer of Conceptual Artist, born 1924 in Ann Arbor, Michigan.


He produced works in numerous media often involving documentary photography, maps and text to explore social environments and the effect of passing time on objects. For twenty years, he was dean of the California Institute of Arts. He is perhaps most known for his statement “The world is full of objects, more or less interesting; I do not wish to add any more.”

First one-man exhibition at the Phillips Gallery, Detroit, 1953. Began as a painter, then turned to making Minimal sculpture in formica on wood and was included in the Primary Structures exhibition at the Jewish Museum, New York, 1966.

He made his first experiments with map pieces in 1967, and in 1968-9 gave up making sculpture and began to make series of ‘Duration Pieces’, ‘Variable Pieces’ and ‘Location Pieces’ by treating everyday activities in such a way as to produce documentation in the form of photographs, maps, drawings and descriptive text.


Variable Piece No.44 (1971) Photographs and printed text on board supports.

The themes of this work are changing human appearance, and the owner’s own responsibility to complete the piece. It existed as a work in progress for ten years and was not complete until 1980. As the instructions printed on it show, it is a collaborative work between the artist, the current owner and the owners of the works directly preceeding it and directly following it in the series. This example belonged to the artist until it was sold to the Tate so he appears as an owner until 1974. The Tate is represented by a photograph of the current Chairman of the Tate Trustees during the six remaining years.

‘Duration Piece 5’ 1969

 I find Huebler’s work fascinating, the reasons behind what he does and the techniques he uses. He replaces the artistic photograph with documents of process and strategies.

Duane Hanson
February 26, 2008

A sculptor associated with photorealism.


 ‘Tourists II’ 1988

Duane Hanson, was an American artist based in South Florida, a sculptor known for his life cast realistic works of people, cast in various materials, including polyester resin, fiberglass, bondo and bronze.

 He was born January 17th 1925 in Alexandria Minnesota. He received his Bachelor of Arts from Macalester College in 1946 and his MFA from the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan in 1951. From 1953 to 1960, Hanson taught art in Munich and Bremerhaven, Germany From 1962-1965 Hanson was a professor of art at Oglethorpe University in Atlanta, Georgia. 

Starting in the mid-1980s, his works were cast in bronze. His works are exact down to every detail; made via lifecasting, the pieces created from epoxy resin or bronze, and the whole sculpture painted to resemble a living person. This combined with hand-picked wigs, clothing and accessories means that Hanson’s works are perfect simulacra, often fooling gallery visitors with their ordinary appearance and casual posture. He uses a complex process of casting from life models.

‘Flea Market Vendor’ 1990

I like how Hanson uses working class citizens, not well known people, just the average person to use for his castings. He gave these average overlooked people an identity, highlighting there activities and societal roles.

Hanson casts his figures from live models in his studio, he then adorned them with every attribute of life-likeness from tiny body hairs, varicose veins, bruises, and hangnails. He hand picked their clothes from second hand shops, and accessorised them accordingly.